Women have endured discrimination against men throughout history, and have been treated as second-class citizens with no basic rights. Men treated women as if they were their personal property. Men and women began to fight out for women’s rights after many years of prejudice and hatred. Many women’s rights movements arose in Europe and America during the nineteenth century. Feminism arose as a result of these movements and spread rapidly around the world, particularly in the West. There were several major waves in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries; Women’s suffrage and political equality were the primary goals of the first wave.
The focus of the second wave was on social and cultural inequalities, while the third wave was on financial, social, and cultural inequities, as well as a greater influence of women in politics and the media. All of these waves were the outcome of female subjugation. The West has achieved progress in women’s rights after years of movements and waves. Women now enjoy the same possibilities as males, including the opportunity to learn, work, and earn, among other things.
Feminism’s ideology and women’s rights were transferred to various non-Western countries and communities after the so-called emancipation of women. Feminism evolved into a global philosophy that dominated global debates at times. However, Feminism did not succeed as well as it did in the West, for the simple reason that Western problems are distinct from the others, and remedies that have solved Western problems have not and will not solve other problems.
People (particularly women) claiming to be feminists are beginning to appear in Somalia. Somali women encounter various issues that must be addressed, yet these individuals bring with them solutions that are incompatible with Somali culture.
Another issue is that many of the problems that people believe Somali women encounter are untrue; these are problems that Western women used to face or that other women are currently facing; these are problems that the media repeats and automatically attributes to Somali women. This is one of the reasons why such situations go unsolved since it takes our attention away from reality.
Somali society is one of the most egalitarian in the world in terms of freedom and equality between men and women. This isn’t something you’ll find in international indexes, but it’s true. In education, there is no distinction between boys and girls; both receive the same amount of attention. Girls outnumber boys in any educational institution, school, or university, whether religious or secular.
When it comes to studying abroad, girls are not barred from leaving the nation by their families. Among Somalis, a common saying goes, “GABAR WAX BARATAY WAA BULSHO WAX BARATAY,” which translates to “an educated female is like an educated society.” This demonstrates how society views women’s education.
Somali women outnumber men in the corporate world. They are free to start a business and build their own wealth and property, and they are not restricted by their families or husbands. The Somali economy’s drivers and backbone are women, thanks to the country’s freedom and equality.
In Somalia, there are several myths about women that are widely held by foreigners. Women in Somalia are often told that they have no rights and have a poor or no social position. All of these statements are incorrect, as everyone should be aware. In my opinion, Somalia’s women face one main issue, which I will discuss shortly. FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) is an old Northeastern African practice that bears no resemblance to Islamic tradition or practice. In Islamic tradition, there is a comparable but distinct practice known as ” Sunni”, which is distinct from FMG, which is known as ” Fir’ooni”.
The Sunni is performed by piercing a small portion of the girl’s genitalia, which causes no injury or distress to the female now or in the future. While the Fir’ooni is cutting portions or all of her genitalia. Sunni is not mandatory, but rather optional; people can choose to practice it or not.
This is the most significant barrier that some women experience. This was once quite popular among Somalis, but because of Islamic scholars and advocates raising public awareness about FGM, the number of people who practice it has declined. FGM is no longer practised in big cities or towns; it is solely practised in rural areas. To completely eradicate this disease, increased public awareness and legislation against the practice are needed.